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Mongolia and Inner Asia Studies Unit



I majored in Mongolian studies for a BA and MA (Inner Mongolia University) and Religious Studies for a PhD (SOAS, University of London).  My MA thesis studies Horchin Mongolian Heroic Epics. My PhD thesis examines the Indigenous dimensions of Mongolian Buddhism.

Recently I have completed a British Academy the The BA/Leverhulme Small Research Grants project “Becoming Shamans to be healed” that investigated the reason for proliferation of Horchin Mongolian shamanism within the context of current socio-economic and cultural changes in Inner Mongolia China.  

I have just started working on the AHRC funded research project “Mongolian Cosmopolitical Heritage: Tracing Divergent Healing Practices across the Chinese-Mongolian Border” based at Mongolia and Inner Asia Studies Unit, Department of Social Anthropology, University of Cambridge.


My research interests range from Mongolian Buddhism, Shamanism, popular religions, to folklore and literature. Currently, my research focuses on integration and divergence of Inner Mongolian religious practices in the new era.


Key publications: 

2020.    ‘Didactic Poetry of Mergen Gegeen’ in Wallace, V. (ed)  Sources of Mongolian Buddhism “Ritual Texts of Mergen Gegeen” in Wallace, V. (ed) Sources of Mongolian Buddhism. University of Oxford Press.

2020.    ‘Ritual Texts of Mergen Gegeen’ in Wallace, V. (ed) Sources of Mongolian Buddhism. University of Oxford Press.

2018.    ‘Yamāntaka in Mongolia: Neichi-Mergen Lineage of Vajrabhairava Tantra’. Collected Papers of the Chinese Fourth International Conference for Mongolian Studies. Hohhot: Inner Mongolia Education Press.

2018.     ‘Becoming Shamans to be Healed: Reasons for Contemporary Proliferation of Horchin Shamanism’ Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hung. Volume 71 (4), 407 – 427,2018.

2018.      ‘A Marker for Identity and Milepost for Ancestral Land’ in On Grassland Culture Vol. 14. Inner Mongolia Education Press (in Chinese). 

2017.    ‘Buddhist Language of Horchin Mongols and Their Cultural Mentality’. Journal of Inner Mongolia University. Vol.1. (in Mongolian).

2017.    ‘Neici Toyin: From “Boġda Lama” to “the Boġda Lama of the Ten Horchin Banners”. Mongolian Studies of China, Vol.3. (in Mongolian).

2016     ‘Anxiety about Ethnic Culture and Undermining the Development of Language Ability:with a focus on the Primary School Mongolian Language Textbook’ in Lianqun Bao(ed.)Contemporary Chinese Language Policy and Language Heritage. Vol.3. Japan: Sanyuan Publishing House.  

2016.    ‘Wish-fulfilment: Tradition, Faith and Tourism: Contemporary Mongolian Pilgrimage to Wutaishan. In Miaojiang, Jinhua Chen and Kuanguang ed. One Mountain with Five Peaks:  Studies of Wutaishan faith in multi-disciplinary, cross-regional, and cross-cultural perspectivesTaipei:  Xinwenfeng Publishing Company. (in Chinese).

2016.   ‘Neichi Toyin and a special tradition of Buddhist Practice of Horchin Mongols: with a Case of the Cult of Yosutu Grandfather Lama’. Journal of Inner Mongolia Normal University, vol.2. (in Mongolian).

2015.     ‘Establishment of the Mergen Tradition of Mongolian Buddhism’ in Wallace, V. (ed) Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture, and Society. Oxford: University of Oxford Press. 

2013.     ‘A Mongolian Source on the Manchu Manipulation of Mongolian Buddhism – Biography of the Second Neici Toyin’.Inner Asia, Vol.2.         

2011.     ‘Persecuted Practice: Neichi Toyin’s Mongolian Line of Buddhist Practice’. Inner Asia, Vol.2.  

2010.     ‘Disappearing Horchin Mongolian Folk Narrative Songs’. Dspace Cambridge)

2006.     'Circulating prophetic texts' in Empson (ed.)Time, Causality and Prophecy in the Mongolian Cultural Region – Visions of the Future. Kent: Global Oriental.

1998b.   ‘Ancestor worship and Mongolian heroic epics’. Journal of Inner Mongolia University, issue 2. (in Mongolian). 

1998c.   Motif analyses of Mongolian heroic epics in Bürrinbeki ed. Hohhot: Inner Mongolian Educational Press. (in Mongolian).

1997.    ‘Man and nature in Mongolian heroic epics’, Mongolian Language and Literature, issue 2. (in Mongolian). 

1990.    ‘Historical background and function of Mongolian heroic epics’, Journal of Inner Mongolia University, issue 4. (in Mongolian).

1989.    ‘Main characteristics of Horchin Mongolian heroic epics’, Mongolian Language and Literature, issue 6.  (in Mongolian).

1988a.   'A study on the main figures of Mongolian heroic epics'.Ongġon Saġaral, issue 1. (in Mongolian).

1988.     Customs of Horchin Mongols, With Hurelbaatar, Hohhot: Inner Mongolian People's Press. (book in Mongolian).

1988b.   'A study on East Mongolian heroic epics'. Studies of National Literature, issue 3. (in Chinese).

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Teaching and Supervisions


I have taught Mongolian (both Mongol script and Cyrillic) as a foreign language since 1984.

Contact Details

Email address: 
Not available for consultancy